This is because there are multiple reasons one can end up with dark circles. "Pigment irregularities, sun damage, eczema, a loss of fatty tissue, and thinning skin are just some of the culprits," shares Dr Ifeoma Ejikeme, Founder & Medical Director of London's Adonia Medical Clinic and EV Editorial Panel member.
And while these factors are partly controlled by your genes, other factors such as "skin damage aka premature ageing, smoking, fatigue, dehydration, allergies, thyroid disease and even menstruation can also play a part," adds Ejikeme, who recommends the following lifestyle changes, skincare buys and treatment options to brighten your peepers…
Add volumeFat loss in the face is an inevitable part of the ageing process and as we lose volume as well as collagen the skin becomes thinner, and laxity ensues, leading to a descension of the skin. “Initially this is often most noticeable in the eye area, as skin here is thinner than anywhere else on the face,” says Ejikeme. Hyaluronic acid dermal filler can be used along the tear trough to re-plump, smooth and lift the area and this added volume will eliminate the dark shadowing that occurs when under eyes are sunken. Dermal fillers last around 12 months in this area so will need topping up, while a surgical fat transfer procedure that uses your own fat instead of dermal filler to correct hollowness lasts around three years.
Invest in skincareWhen it comes to dark circles don’t underestimate the benefits of a consistent skincare regime, as topical solutions containing tried and true actives can make major inroads.
Caffeine – A vasoconstrictor (which means it tightens blood vessels), caffeine is able to reduce redness, swelling and pooling around the eyes waving bye bye to puffiness that can leave under-eyes looking dark due to shadows. “It’s also an antioxidant helping to neutralise free radical damage and quell inflammation that can further degrade natural collagen and elastin degradation and compromise the skin’s protective barrier,” explains Ejikeme.
Hyaluronic Acid – Gold standard hydrator hyaluronic acid can hold 1000 times its weight in water making it a skin plumping powerhouse. While you won’t get the same effects as when it’s injected, well hydrated skin will look far more revitalised.
L-Asorbic Acid – LAA, aka vitamin C, is a potent antioxidant that helps brighten the complexion, reduce inflammation and even out skin tone by disrupting pigment production and boosting collagen production to boot.
Kojic Acid – Derived from mushrooms, this acid doesn’t have an exfoliating effect but rather inhibits pigment production, and “for those with sensitive skin or whose skin tones range from olive to deep black it makes for a great alternative to prescription skin lightener hydroquinone,” shares Ejikeme.